University of Malaya: ‘Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak’ MS 3 PNM

On Friday 24th of February, I attended a Seminar conducted by the History Department, University of Malaya (UM) on a topic which interests me in most of my research works – the genealogy of Perak rajas. The presentation was given by one Dr Mardiana Nordin of UM the content of the presentation is a discussion on the MS 3 kept at the National Library (PNM) which was acquired in 1982.

The MS 3 was written in Jawi characters in a log-book (possibly late 19th century or early 20th century log-books) similar to the conditions of MSS in the Maxwell collections kept at the Royal Asitic Society Library in London. Although the MS was given a title – Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak and began with a phrase saying that the MS is a genealogy of the Perak Rajas which includes the descendants of the Syeds, Sitis, Megats and Meors. The introductory paragaraph too states that the MS also narates the origins of Perak Temenggongs.

However, according to Dr Mardiana’s thorough research on the MS, out of the 7-page long manuscript, the topic of the Syed and Megat lineage were only mentioned at the very last page. And to her surprise, the length discussion for this particular topic only takes about 30% of that particular page. Even worse, there’s no mention whatsoever about the lineage of Perak Temenggongs. This state of irrelevance between the MS title and its contents suggests that the title may have been given at a later date and perhaps given by a different individual.

In terms of overall content, there are confusions, anachronistic errors and similarities to other texts such as Sejarah Melayu, Merong Maha Wangsa and Misa Melayu. I won’t be discussing about the general aspects of the MS in this posting. But, I would like to share what I have commented during the Q&A session at the seminar and what I think about the MS (…idea just sparked last night!).

SULTAN AHMAD TAJUDDIN – The first Sultan of Perak

In this MS 3, it says that the first Sultan of Perak was Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah. Later, he was replaced by one Raja Malik who reigned as Sultan Mansur Shah. My comment on this was, according to JWW Birch’s diary, during his interview with Perak rajas in 1870s, most rajas and chiefs gave a common version of the list of Perak Sultans whereby the first Raja to be installed as Sultan was Raja Muzaffar who reigned as Sultan Muzaffar Shah I. However, when the British interviewed Raja Yusuf – eldest son of Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I (Marhum Atiqullah Durian Sebatang) and a contender for the Perak throne in 1871, this Raja Yusuf said that the first Sultan of Perak was one Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin.

This suggests that the MS 3 may have been a version narrated by Raja Yusuf or persons who acquired the knowledge from the same source as Raja Yusuf. If we refer to the genealogical charts, Raja Yusuf was indeed a descendant of Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain Shah. He was also a descendant of the Hadhrami Syeds through Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain Shah’s son-in-law. During Raja Yusuf’s time as Regent and later Sultan, there were many relatives of his living in Chenderiang, Perak – mostly Syeds and Meors.

Having said that, it is possible for the author of this MS to make a mistake by confusing the first Sultan of Perak (since 1528) and the first Sultan of Perak treated as the forefather of present-day dynasty (Sultan Ahmaddin Shah, 18th Sultan of Perak).  The genealogical charts have shown that the son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah I succeded to the Perak throne as the second Sultan of Perak with the title Sultan Mansur Shah (Marhum Kota Lama).

On the other hand, the eighteenth Sultan of Perak, Sultan Ahmaddin Shah was mentioned in MS Maxwell 24 reigned as Sultan of Perak with the title Sultan Ahmad Tajul Alam Shah Ad-Din. He was later succeeded by his son – Raja Abdul Malik who reigned as Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah (in Maxwell 24, the MS states that this Sultan ruled as Sultan Mansur Shah).

I personally feel that the author of MS 3 was trying to say that the forefather or the common ancestor of present-day Sultans of Perak was Sultan Ahmad Tajul Alam Shah Ad-Din who is also known as Sultan Ahmaddin Shah. But, he had intentionally or non-intentionally used the phrase ‘first Sultan of Perak’ to indicate the status of this Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin.

Sultan Mansur, second Sultan of Perak and son of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin fought a war against Tun Saban. The Sultan of Johor who was also an uncle of Sultan Mansur sent troops to aid him in this war against Tun Saban.

As I have mentioned earlier, the author may have confused the stories between early Perak history with characters of similar names in recent history. In this case, the Sultan Mansur who fought against Tun Saban was not Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah whom the author treated as the 2nd Sultan of Perak but the Sultan Mansur here is actually THE second Sultan of Perak – son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah I. The actual Sultan Mansur Shah of Perak was indeed a nephew of the Sultan of Johor – Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah as the latter was the former’s younger brother. On the contrary, Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah has no relations what so ever with the Sultan of Johor during that time (early 1800s).

Interestingly, this version of Perak Civil War which says that the war against Tun Saban was extended to the reigning years of Sultan Mansur Shah. We know that the official version of Perak history states that the Perak Civil War was between Sultan Muzaffar Shah and Tun Saban. However, this text and a research by Dr Supriyatno (presented during the Tun Saban Seminar by UPSI at Gerik, Perak – March 2011) states that the war against Tun Saban extended to the reign of Sultan Mansur Shah. In addition, during my research on my family’s genealogy, MS 40333(2) of SOAS mentioned that Tun Saban fought a war against Marhum Kota Lama (of which we identify as Sultan Mansur Shah).

Although all earlier Perak historians discard MS3 as a historical source. But this particular part about the Perak Civil War against Tun Saban suggests that there is a reliable alternative version of Perak history which I think worth to be explored by future historians. Whether the Perak Civil War ended during the reign of Sultan Muzaffar Shah or the war in actual fact was longer – extended until the reign of Sultan Mansur Shah.

My personal opinion on this: there is some possible truth in it. We know the first 2 Sultans of Perak were Muzaffar and Mansur. We also know from official history, Sultan Mansur went missing while performing the Jumaat Prayers at Kota Lama Mosque. Some historians suggest that Mansur was captured by Acheh as during those years, Perak was attacked for the first time by Acheh. The new Sultan replacing Sultan Mansur was appointed by Acheh and this new Sultan is known in history by the reigning name – Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah!

Assuming that both Sultans were involved in the war against Tun Saban. Perhaps the author of this MS considers the 3rd Sultan of Perak is the actual first Sultan of Perak as the 1st and 2nd Sultans from Melaka was against the local rulers led by Tun Saban. Perhaps during the war, Muzaffar and Mansur requested the help from their blood brothers from Johor whereas Tun Saban requested some help from Acheh. Perhaps the local chiefs prefer to be ruled by an Acheh ruler as opposed to a Melakan ruler. And, historical facts have shown that since the 1530s, Johor and Acheh were at war! Perhaps the Perak Crisis became an opportunity for both superpowers to show-off their might.

If we analyse further, there may be some truth behind this hypothesis. Assuming Johor did send military re-inforcements to aid Sultan Muzaffar and Sultan Mansur, Tun Saban may have requested for help from Acheh. Or, perhaps Acheh already realised the presence of Johor army in the vicinity of Acheh shores and voluntarily aided Tun Saban by attacking the Johor army from the rear. If this is true, maybe after Raja Mansur and the Johor forces captured Perak from Tun Saban, Acheh forces came to liberate Perak and captured Sultan Mansur. This tallies with the version saying that Sultan Mansur was captured by Acheh forces.

Upon capturing Sultan Mansur, Tun Saban’s proxy was made Ruler / Regent of the state. This tallies with the Tun Saban chronicles saying that one Tun Pasak Jalak became Raja Sehari (Ruler for One Day) after the capture of Sultan Mansur. According to Syed Jamalullail of Perak’s genealogist, one Syed Hassan (a descendant of Syed Hussain Al-Faradz) became temporary ruler of Perak during the absence of the Sultan after the Acheh invasion.

 

Meanwhile in Acheh, the eldest son of Sultan Mansur of Perak was made son-in-law to the Sultan Acheh. Subsequently, this Perak Prince ascended the Achenese throne as Sultan Alauddin Mansur Shah. At about this time, the new Sultan of Acheh appointed his younger brother as Sultan of Perak with the reigning title Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah.

 

All in all, I think in general the MS3 is full of errors but to discard it completely is not a good idea as there are some points in the MS worth considering and these points may become a hint or a door-opener for further research into the history of the early Sultans of Perak.

 

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My Composition: “Naga dan Rasaksa”

During the Raya Haji weekend, I planned to do some updating on my blog. And as you all have noticed, for quite some time, the postings under the header ‘Art appreciation’ has been very minimal. This is due to the fact that the free WordPress does not allow uploading of Audio and Video files.

Well, it is a shame that I only realised today that I can embed YouTube links into my WordPress heheheh. To celebrate my newly-acquired blogging knowledge, allow me to share one of my favourite compositions – “Naga dan Rasaksa”.

This song was composed by me in 2001 and the lyrics were written by my friends – Zaid Zainal and Kucikuci. This song was performed for the first time in public at the Battle of the Band 2001 in Leeds, United Kingdom by our band – The Lost Plot. We managed to secure the 2nd Runner-Up for the event. Unfortunately, I was unable to perform on that night as I had exams at my university.

This video was recorded in my room at the University of Kent in 2002.

Almost ten years later, I recorded the following video – performing the same song, using the same guitar and with same person singing (trust me, both are the same person – ME!)

Enjoy….

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Al-Fatihah: YMM Raja Perempuan Muzwin Binti Almarhum Raja Ariff Shah

Almarhumah YMM Raja Muzwin Binti Almarhum Raja Ariff Shah (Raja Perempuan Perak)

On Thursday 6th of October 2011, the Raja Perempuan of Perak – Raja Muzwin Binti Almarhum Raja Ariff Shah passed away at Institut Jantung Negara (IJN), Kuala Lumpur. Almarhumah was the consort of the late Almarhum Sultan Idris Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadassallah, 33rd Sultan of Perak who reigned from 1963 to 1984.

 

In the morning of Friday 7th October 2011, I received an sms from my uncle – Tan Sri Megat Najmuddin Bin Dato’ Seri Megat Khas who is the current President of the Megat Terawis Clan Association of Malaysia, instructing me to represent him and the clan to the funeral of Almarhumah Raja Muzwin. Upon consultation with the Sultan’s Office in Kuala Kangsar, I was told that the funeral procession will commence after Asar Prayers at Makam Al-Ghufran, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar.

 

I reached Kuala Kangsar at about 4.15pm and the crowd was huge. Obviously it does not only involve those in Perak but also involved the Royal Family of Johor. For those readers out there, the present Sultan of Johor – Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar is the son-in-law of Almarhumah Raja Muzwin as His Royal Highness’ consort – Raja Zarith Sofiah is the daughter of Almarhumah.

I would like to dedicate this posting to the Almarhumah Raja Muzwin. Let’s recite Al-Fatihah for Almarhumah.

 

Below are some pictures taken by me (using just my phone camera) during the funeral.

 

The Clock Tower of Kuala Kangsar - The Perak Flag can bee seen here flying at half-mast in respect of the demise of Almarhumah Raja Perempuan Muzwin of Perak

 

5 of Almarhumah's grandsons - unfortunately I don't know the names of these princes. My bet is from left is Tunku Abdul Jalil of Johor and the other 4 are the Al-Sagoff brothers (sons of Raja Puan Mahkota)

 

The coffin of Almarhumah Raja Muzwin on its last journey towards her final resting place.

 

My salute to these princes. Sons (YTM Raja Kecil Besar Iskandar Dzulkarnain and YAM Raja Jamil Ariffin) and grandsons (Tunku Abdul Jalil of Johor can be seen at the head of the coffin) bearing the coffin

 

Talkin Recital by the Perak Imams

 

DYMM Baginda Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar of Johor

 

DYMM Raja Zarith Sofiah Binti Almarhum Sultan Idris A'fifullah Shah

 

DYTM Raja Nazrin Shah Ibni Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah - The Raja Muda of Perak

 

DYTM Tuanku Zara Salim - The Raja Puan Besar of Perak

 

The Tunku Mahkota of Johor

 

DYAM Raja Jaafar Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa - The Raja Di Hilir of Perak

 

Children of Almarhum Sultan Idris Shah II and Almarhumah Raja Perempuan Muzwin of Perak - From Right: YAM Raja Puan Mahkota, YAM Raja Jamil Ariffin and YTM Raja Kecil Besar. The tomb seen here belongs to their father, Almarhum Sultan Idris Shah II - husband to Almarhumah Raja Muzwin.

 

Grandchildren of Almarhumah Raja Perempuan Muzwin - standing next to their late grandfather's tomb.

 

 

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It’s Official! … Koperasi Keturunan Megat Terawis Berhad …

The Megat Terawis Clan Association in their last Annual General Meeting has decided to form a co-operative to act as the clan’s business arm. After months of discussions, meetings between protem committee members and the Malaysian Co-operative Commission, we managed to hold our Inaugural General Meeting on the 21st August 2011 at USJ, Selangor. After the successful meeting, all documentations were finalised and submitted to the Commission for approval. Finally, today – 5th October 2011, I represented the Board of Directors to meet the Commission to receive the Registration Certificate of the Co-operative. The official birth date of the Co-operative is 23rd September 2011.

 

As Acting Secretary to the Board, I will call for the first Board Meeting of the Co-operative in the near future. Just to share with you readers out there, these are the elected Board Members of the Koperasi Keturunan Megat Terawis Berhad (KOME….sounds very Perak-ish):

Dato’ Megat Ahmad Shahrani Bin Megat Sharuddin

Ir Mohamed Ali Bin Yusoff

Mohammad Suhaimi Bin Ahmad

Megat Kamarruddin Bin Megat Shamsuddin

Megat Azleen Bin Megat Ramli

Megat Khairil Shafli Bin Megat Khas

Megat Zulhazmi Bin Megat Abdullah Rafaie

Megat Al-Azrul Bin Megat Jamal Al-Arif

Puteri Khairul Hazlin Binti Megat Khas

Tun Rafidah Binti Abdul Wahid

Megat Mohd Rafizan Bin Megat Abdullah Rafaie

Megat Iskandar Bin Megat Zaharuddin

 

So stay tuned…we’ll be knocking on your doors for subscription!

 

 

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Query by Megat Halim Azizi Bin Megat Noh

I received this comment from Sdr Megat Halim Azizi Bin Megat Noh questioning the genealogical fact I have put forward in this blog. I think it is proper for me to respond with facts and figures so that such unreliable hearsay will never again be used as an argument to discredit the official genealogy of the Megat Terawis Clan.

 

Below is the exact comments by him, written in Malay:

…Saya Megat Halim Azizi bin Megat Noh dari keturunan Megat Abu Kassim, mengikut sejarah keluarga saya, Megat Terawis II bukan anak dari Megat Menjanas, beliau adalah Putera kepada Daeng Selili iaitu Petta To’ Rawe. Beliau lah yang mengubati Megat Menjanas dan pergi berperang ke Aceh bersama Megat Menjanas untuk menyelamatkan Sultan Perak setelah menjadi tawanan perang didalam cerita Puteri Limau Purut.  Di sebabkan keakraban mereka berdua bagaikan anak dan bapa maka Sultan dan Megat Menjanas melantik beliau sebagai Bendahara. Beliau mempunyai tiga orang Putera iaitu Mergat Pendiar, Megat Samsuddin/Shamsu dan Megat Abu Kassim. Megat Abu Kassim tealah dilantik sebagai Bendahara . Sehingga Megat Abu Kassim berbalah dengan Sultan Perak ketika itu dan memulangkan jawatan Bendahara kepada Sultan Perak ketika itu…

Let me respond line by line.

“…mengikut sejarah keluarga saya, Megat Terawis II bukan anak dari Megat Menjanas, beliau adalah Putera kepada Daeng Selili iaitu Petta To’ Rawe. Beliau lah yang mengubati Megat Menjanas dan pergi berperang ke Aceh bersama Megat Menjanas untuk menyelamatkan Sultan Perak setelah menjadi tawanan perang didalam cerita Puteri Limau Purut…”

My question to you sir, please tell me what is your source of reference? To me, whoever told you about this does not know his history. He doesn’t even know the history of the Megats, the Perak Sultanate and also the Bugis Rajas which includes Daeng Selili. For your information Sdr Megat Halim and other readers out there, Daeng Selili flourished in Perak during the reign of Sultan Muzaffar Shah III. Whereas the story of Puteri Limau Purut was during the reign of Sultan Mukaddam Shah!

 

About the Bendahara who went to Acheh was not Megat Menjanas but Megat Abdullah. He is known as Bendahara Garang. According to the genealogy, Megat Menjanas is the son of this Bendahara Garang Megat Abdullah. Most probably Megat Menjanas accompanied his father to Acheh for the Limau Purut quest. Highly unlikely for Daeng Selili to be there to cure Megat Menjanas’ wounds.

 

“Di sebabkan keakraban mereka berdua bagaikan anak dan bapa maka Sultan dan Megat Menjanas melantik beliau sebagai Bendahara. Beliau mempunyai tiga orang Putera iaitu Mergat Pendiar, Megat Samsuddin/Shamsu dan Megat Abu Kassim.”

 

Do you know that Megat Menjanas was married to Sultan Muzaffar Shah II’s sister? And, do you know that Daeng Selili was married to Raja Ngah (some people say the name was Raja Su) who is a daughter of Yang Dipertuan Muda Mansur Shah? For your information, this wife of Daeng Selili is the younger sister of the 3 – brother Perak Sultans – Sultan Alauddin Mughayat Shah, Sultan Muzaffar Shah III and Sultan Muhammad Shah. And, for your information, these Sultans are grandsons of Sultan Muzaffar Shah II.

The diagram below illustrates the genealogical relationship:

 

The Genealogical Relationship between the Sultans of Perak, the Megats and the Daengs.

In terms of genealogical relationship, Megat Terawis II is the first cousin to the 3 brother Sultans of Perak. Daeng Selili on the other hand, married the younger sibling of the 3 – Raja Su/Raja Ngah. Through this partnership, we can easily say that Daeng Selili is married to Megat Terawis II’s first cousin. Most probably both Daeng Selili and Megat Terawis II are close due to family ties. Definitely, Megat Terawis is not the son of Daeng Selili. If I were a Daeng, I would definitely name my son a Daeng too! Why should I name my son a Megat!? If you say that the Daeng’s wife is a Raja, you got to accept the fact that  Daeng is the Bugis-equivalent of the title ‘Raja’.

“Megat Abu Kassim tealah dilantik sebagai Bendahara . Sehingga Megat Abu Kassim berbalah dengan Sultan Perak ketika itu dan memulangkan jawatan Bendahara kepada Sultan Perak ketika itu”

I think you should read my earlier articles about the resignation of Megat Abu Kassim. I wouldn’t say that the Bendahara ‘berbalah’ with the Sultan. Get your facts right.

To me, there’s no truth in what Megat Halim is trying to highlight. Maternally, I am a direct descendant of Daeng Selili too. I know my roots very well – supported by hard facts and of course ‘cerita orang tua2’. Therefore, I challenge you to provide credible evidence about this matter. Without such evidence, …don’t talk lah! This is just like the wannabe-rajas Ahmad Nasir and Noor Jan’s case.

 

To conclude:

You should learn Perak History first before arguing on historical facts. Learn about the order of Sultans. Sultan Mukaddam Shah was the 6th Sultan and Sultan Muzaffar Shah III was the 13th Sultan. Even worse, Daeng Selili flourished during the latter and Megat Abdullah flourished during the former. Through my genealogical diagram above, I have illustrated and proven that Megat Terawis II is not a son of Daeng Selili. However, they are related through marriage. Without any evidence, we can just discard your argument.

Thank you.

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Query on the ancestry of Penghulu Mat Taha of Layang2

Recently, I received a query from a reader who is a descendant of one Penghulu Mat Taha of Layang2, Perak. In his query, he would like me to provide an evidence showing that Penghulu Mat Taha is a son of Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek. Below is the actual query sent to me:

 

” Mengenai Panjang Ogek, anaknya yang bernama Taha dikenali dengan nama Penghulu Mat Taha. Saya cicit Mat Taha atau nama sebenar Mat Taha bin Mohamad, beliau adalah Penghulu Layang-Layang Kanan, Parit sekitar tahun 1920an – 1940an (betul rumahnya diguna dalam filem anna & the king). Setelah meleliti salasilah Panjang Ogek dalam Geni, nama Mat Taha tidak terdapat dalam keturunan Panjang Ogek bin UdA Katab bin Toh Adab (Toh dewa Seri Mahajara). Jika suadara ada cacatan mengenai salasilah keluarga Mat Taha bin Mohamad, saya ingin dapatkan maklumat tersebut kerana kami sedang mencari maklumat. “

As mentioned in my earlier posting on Maharaja Lambor genealogy, the Penghulu mentioned above is a member of that aristocratic house of Lambor. The manuscript that shows this lineage of his is MS 40332 Misc. Papers which is kept at SOAS, London. And yes, I do have a copy of the manuscript. The snapshot below illustrates the relationship between Penghulu Mat Taha and the Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek.

Manuscript showing the Penghulu Mat Taha is indeed a son of the Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek

 

According to the reader, there’s no mention about this Penghulu Mat Taha as a son of Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek in Geni.Com. Well, obviously, the person who updates the ancestry in Geni.Com has no information or has unreliable information. Honestly, I am one of the few who are against Geni.Com.

 

I personally boycott the website because the users of the application can simply add their own version of ancestry and it would be hassle for the administrators of ancestries to correct the family tree. Some times, users only heard rumours about their family and they simply key-in to the Geni.Com family tree. As a result, others who are seeking the truth are misled by the incorrect information displayed on Geni.Com.

 

So to Sdr Shamadzhar, this is the evidence showing that Penghulu Mat Taha is indeed a son of Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek.

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Query on the Genealogy of the Maharaja Lambor of Perak

Recently, I received a comment by Sdr Azizul Jabbar about his query on the genealogy of the Maharaja Lambor of Perak. Indeed, the Maharaja Lambor is one of the hereditary minor chiefs of Perak. Unfortunately, not much has been written either by myself on this blog or even by other historical scholars about this topic.

 

But, to our consolation, I happen to possess a copy of the manuscript pertaining the Maharaja Lambor of Perak and its genealogical connections with other Perak aristocratic family branches. The original manuscript is kept at SOAS with the reference number 40332 – Misc. Paper. Sdr Azizul Jabbar asked me about the names of the parents of one Toh Andak Majiwa in the family tree. Although I have the answer, I think it is appropriate to write a short article with supporting images from the manuscript.

 

The answer is I don’t know the name of the parents of this Toh Andak Majiwa as in the manuscript, there were no names written on the diagram illustrating the parent of this Toh Andak Majiwa.

 

Below is the image:

The Manuscript MS 40332 SOAS, London - diagram shows the genealogy of Maharaja Lambor and Seri Nara Diraja. No names written for the parent of Toh Andak Majiwa

I hope this posting is helpful to answer Sdr Azizul Jabbar’s queries.

 

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