The holders of the title Seri Adika Raja are descendants of Tun Saban through his son – Tun Kelalang. Tun Kelalang had three sons – Toh Pasir Panjang, Toh Lintang and Toh Hilang di Pilih. Unfortunately, there’s no historical text that mention the real names of these three individuals.
Toh Pasir Panjang is the forefather of the Seri Narawangsa holders. The Seri Narawangsa is a senior title within the Perak Royal Court but declined over the years. But their descendants still exist till this very day. Through marriage, members of this lineage inherited the post of the Kinta Chief – the Orang Kaya-Kaya Panglima Kinta Seri Amar Bangsa Diraja. (a separate article shall be written about the lineage of Panglima Kinta)
Tun Kelalang’s second son – Toh Lintang had a son named Alang Idris. This Alang Idris was also known as Toh Jawang. This Toh Jawang Alang Idris was the first person to be appointed as the Seri Adika Raja of Perak.
The third son of Tun Kelalang was Toh Hilang di Pilih. This Toh Hilang di Pilih had four children – Toh Berolak, Toh Jabut, Toh Tupai of Bota and the wife of one Tun Pekerma. As for the last two, they are both females. According to Tun Hamzah’s version of the Seri Adika Raja Ancestry, Toh Berolak’s real name was Tun Abdullah and Toh Jabut’s real name was Tun Ismail. Tun Ismail became the first Shahbandar of Perak and the ancestor of present day Shahbandar holders.
As for Toh Berolak Tun Abdullah, he was appointed as the 2nd Seri Adika Raja succeeding Toh Jawang Alang Idris. The makam of Toh Jawang Alang Idris is in Chegar Galah. The Seri Adika Raja Toh Berolak had 2 sons and a daughter. The sons are Toh Lalang and Toh Senalu. The daughter of Toh Berolak is Che Tanjong who later married Orang Kaya Menteri Paduka Tuan Syed Shamsuddin Jamalullail.
When Toh Berolak died, Toh Lalang became the 3rd Seri Adika Raja. Toh Senalu later succeeded his brother as the 4th Seri Adika Raja. The makams of both Toh Lalang and Toh Senalu are at Kampung Luat, Lenggong.
Toh Senalu had 4 sons – Toh Lambok Itam Petot, Toh Terosor, Toh Indera Bijaya and Toh Berjambul. Itam Petot succeded Toh Senalu as the 5th Seri Adika Raja. According to the RAS Journals, he had nine children and the youngest was one Busu Sega.
Upon the death of Seri Adika Raja Toh Lambok Itam Petot, his younger brother – Toh Terosor was appointed as the 6th Seri Adika Raja. This Toh Terosor was married to one Che Kuman. From this union, they were blessed with 3 sons and two daughters. The eldest of the five was the daughter named Long Mariam. Long Mariam married Syed Mentaha Bin Syed Alang Muhammad Kecil of Jawang. This Syed Mentaha is the grandson of Orang Kaya Menteri Syed Shamsuddin and Che Tanjong mentioned earlier. The younger daughter of Toh Terosor – named Teh Kewi married to Syed Pandak Ahmad Jamalullail who was later appointed as Orang Kaya Besar Maharaja Diraja by Sultan Ismail Muabidin Riayat Shah (Sultan of Perak: 1871-1874)
The sons of Toh Terosor are Alang Juah, Abdul Ghani and Hj Harun. Alang Juah succeeded Toh Terosor as the 7th Seri Adika Raja. Alang Juah married Siti Hawa Binti Syed Alang Muhammad Kecil of Jawang – younger sister of Syed Mentaha mentioned earlier. From this union, they had two children – Meor Abdullah. The third child of Toh Terosor – Abdul Ghani was bestowed the title of Toh Shahbandar Ulu.
The Seri Adika Raja Alang Juah died while performing the Haj Pilgrimage and was post-humously titled Alang Juah Hilang di Mekah. He was succeeded by his son – Meor Abdullah who was also known as Toh Changkat as the 8th Seri Adika Raja. Toh Changkat Meor Abdullah was married to Che Jura Binti Kanda Abdul Majid. Che Jura is the daughter of Orang Kaya Besar Maharaja Diraja Kanda Abdul Majid – immediate predecessor to Orang Kaya Besar Syed Pandak Ahmad Jamalullail mentioned earlier. From the union between Meor Abdullah and Che Jura, they were blessed with 11 children namely:
Meor Abdul Raof
Meor Alang Abbas
Meor Pandak Zainal
The exact date of death for Seri Adika Raja Meor Abdullah is not known – whether he died during the reign of Sultan Ali or Sultan Jaafar. Historical records have shown that during the funeral of Sultan Ali in 1871, Meor Abdullah’s eldest son was already the Toh Muda Seri Adika Raja. Historical records too have shown that Meor Abdullah was succeeded by Busu Sega (son of Seri Adika Raja Itam Petot) as the 9th Seri Adika Raja.
This Seri Adika Raja Busu Sega was later killed by the British during the Perak War. When Sultan Ismail fled to Upper Perak, Seri Adika Raja Busu Sega was the one responsible for the Sultan’s safety as Upper Perak is the Seri Adika Raja’s territory. A group of Malays hired by the British were sent to hunt-down Sultan Ismail. Since the Seri Adika Raja was too powerful and command the locals there, the locals were reluctant to help the British-hired Malays. One day, at about Asar, while the Seri Adika Raja Busu Sega was relaxing in front of his house in Batu Berdinding, he was shot dead by the British-hired Malays. Hence, Busu Sega was styled post-humously as Seri Adika Raja Toh Shahid Busu Sega.
Historical records have shown that after the death of Seri Adika Raja Busu Sega, the Toh Muda Meor Abdul Raof was not appointed as Seri Adika Raja. The successor to Busu Sega was appointed only in the 1880s (a period of almost 10 years) and the successor was not Meor Abdul Raof but his nephew – Wan Muhammad Salleh Bin Wan Abu Bakar. Wan Muhammad Salleh is a son of Toh Muda Meor Abdul Raof’s youngest sister – Busu Atikah. This Wan Muhamad Salleh became so popular and he became the first Malay to receive the Imperial Service Order (I.S.O.). The next Malay to receive the I.S.O. was the Tengku Menteri Wan Muhammad Isa Bin Ngah Ibrahim. As the 10th Seri Adika Raja, he played an important role in the government. He was one of the pioneer members of the Federal Council (after the formation of the Federated Malay States 1897). He went to the United Kingdom accompanying Sultan Idris Shah for the coronation of King Edward VII in 1902 and King George V in 1911. He died while accompanying Sultan Abdul Jalil visiting the tomb of Sultan Tajul Arifin in Pulau Semat following the Sultan’s Installation in 1917. His body was laid to rest in the compound of Masjid Paloh, Jalan Dato’, Ipoh.
During his lifetime, Wan Muhammad Salleh had 3 wives – one Toh Puan Sharifah (a daughter of a Syed), Wan Teh Rafeah Binti Wan Abbas (niece to Temenggong Wan Hussain) and Teh Sariah (daughter of his cousin – Meor Yeop Mohd Jawi bin Meor Alang Abbas). Wan Muhammad Salleh was succeeded by his cousin cum father-in-law – Meor Yeop Mohd Jawi as the 11th Seri Adika Raja. Not much is known about this Seri Adika Raja (perhaps if there are readers from his family could enlighten us with his story).
Later, upon the death of Meor Yeop Mohd Jawi, he was succeeded by his nephew’s son – Meor Yahya Bin Ngah Muhammad Amin as the 12th Seri Adika Raja. This Meor Yahya is the grandson of Long Tijah – eldest child of Seri Adika Raja Toh Changkat Meor Abdullah. Seri Adika Raja Meor Yahya was the founder of Maahad Yahyawiyah in Padang Rengas, Kuala Kangsar. He was also the main contributor to the construction of Masjid Ubudiah Lenggong. He was laid to rest in the compounds of Masjid Ubudiah Lenggong.
Upon the death of Seri Adika Raja Meor Yahya, he was succeeded by Wan Mohamad Ali Bin Wan Omar (nephew to Seri Adika Raja Wan Muhammad Salleh) as the 13th Seri Adika Raja. Not much is known about Wan Mohamad Ali. One of his daughters – Wan Fatimah, later married the Orang Kaya-Kaya Setia Bijaya Diraja Abdul Wahab. He died in 1950 on the same day as the death of Laksamana Lope Bahauddin. The Laksamana was laid to rest in Taiping and Wan Mohamad Ali was laid to rest in Bukit Chandan.
Wan Mohamad Ali was succeeded by Meor Abdullah (son of Seri Adika Raja Meor Yeop Mohd Jawi) as the 14th Seri Adika Raja. As his Toh Muda, Meor Shamsuddin Bin Meor Yahya was appointed. This Meor Shamsuddin is the co-author of the Sejarah Hulu Perak. Unfortunately, Meor Shamsuddin died while in office and was replaced by the grandson of Meor Yang Hashim (younger brother to Seri Adika Raja Meor Yeop Mohd Jawi) – Meor Sulaiman Bin Meor Abdul Rahman as Toh Muda).
In 1984 (i think?), the Seri Adika Raja Meor Abdullah died. He was succeeded by Meor Ahmad Rashidi Bin Meor Burhanuddin (a nephew to the late Toh Muda Meor Shamsuddin) as the 15th Seri Adika Raja. As for the Toh Muda post, Meor Sulaiman remained as Toh Muda until his death in 2002. Following the death of Toh Muda Meor Sulaiman, the post of Toh Muda was filled by Dato’ Ir Mohamad Othman Bin Zainal Azim. This new Toh Muda’s father – Zainal Azim Bin Ahmad is a grandson of Seri Adika Raja Meor Yeop Mohd Jawi through his daughter (Yang Atikah).
In February 2011, the Seri Adika Raja Dato’ Seri Meor Ahmad Rashidi passed away. Pending appointment by the Sultan and the Dewan Negara of Perak, it is safe to assume that the present Toh Muda shall be promoted to the vacant post of Seri Adika Raja and one of the many eligible candidates amongst the Seri Adika Raja clan shall be appointed to the Toh Muda post in due course.