For those of you out there who are not familiar with the Perak titles, the Orang Kaya Temenggong Paduka Raja is one of the Orang Besar Empat. Originally, the office of Temenggong was bestowed upon the descendants of Tun Undan – son of Tun Saban. The earliest recorded Temenggong of Perak was one Tun Bantan who is also known as Toh Fajar. He is the son of one Tun Abdul Kahar who was granted the title Toh Permai Diwangsa. This Tun Abdul Kahar is the son of Tun Pasak Jalak – son of Tun Undan mentioned earlier. This Tun Pasak Jalak is said to be the acting ruler of Perak during the Acheh invasion in 1619. However, I can’t find any historical documents to support this claim.
If this is true, then it was Tun Pasak Jalak who instructed the remaining chiefs of Perak to find the heir to the Perak throne so that person can be installed as the new Sultan of Perak. The Seri Nara Diraja went to Johor to bring back Raja Mansur, son of Raja Inu (Raja Kecil Lasa) who is also the fiance’ to Puteri Limau Purut – daughter to the captured Sultan of Perak – Sultan Mukaddam Shah. To make matters worse, Raja Mansur’s fiance’ was amongst those who were captured by Acheh. Besides the Seri Nara Diraja, the Seri Maharaja Lela was also instructed by Tun Pasak Jalak the Acting Ruler of Perak but this time, to Acheh – hoping for the Sultan of Acheh to release one of the Royal Perak captives to be installed as the new Sultan of Perak. To know the rest of the story, one can easily search the internet as the story will deviate us further from our topic – about the Orang Kaya Temenggong of Perak.
Over the years, the Temenggongship then was granted to the Megats. One known Megat who was appointed a Temenggong was Megat Mutabar – son of Bendahara Megat Pendia (Bendahara Hilang di Padang). This Megat Mutabar was later promoted to the title Orang Kaya Besar Maharaja Diraja. Some years later, we have one Ishak who was also known as Toh Pasai Acheh appointed as the Orang Kaya Temenggong. Not much is known about this Toh Pasai Acheh’s genealogy. From his personal title, it suggests an Acheh origin and perhaps some Pasai origin too. Wherever he was from, this Temenggong had a son named Mustafa who in turn became the Temenggong of Perak.
This Mustafa was married to one Sharifah Lipat. From this union, they had several children – Wan Emas, Meor Shuib, Meor Johar, Wan Chik Uteh and Wan Chik Chu. Meor Shuib succeeded his father as the Temenggong and Meor Johar was granted the title Toh Paduka Raja. Their eldest – Wan Emas was married to one Syed Muhammad – son of Syed Hitam Besar and Puteri Long Jelusul. This Puteri Long Jelusul is a daughter of Orang Kaya Besar Megat Mentaha Lambat Makan and Puteri Hitam Sayong. This Puteri Hitam Sayong is a daughter of Megat Mutabar – the former Temenggong mentioned earlier. So, in other words, Wan Emas is married to the great-grand daughter of Temenggong Megat Mutabar.
After Temenggong Meor Shuib, there’s no record about any appointments to the office. But, after the war against the Siamese (Kedah/Ligor), the Sultan of Perak then granted the office of Temenggong to the Bugis warrior Anjang Talib. This Anjang Talib is a descendant of the famous Bugis warrior-prince who came to Perak and was appointed the Mufti and Orang Kaya-Kaya Maharaja Lela Tan Jana Putera Pancung Tak Bertanya. It is from this lineage, the present-day Temenggongs are descended from.
Orang Kaya Temenggong Paduka Raja: The Daeng Selili ‘Dynasty’
As mentioned earlier, Daeng Selili is a Bugis Prince who came to Perak and subsquently appointed by the Sultan of Perak as the state’s Mufti and as head of the Orang Besar Lapan with the title Orang Kaya-Kaya Maharaja Lela Tan Jana Putera Pancung Tak Bertanya. According to the official genealogical records, Daeng Selili is married to Raja Su – daughter of Yang Dipertuan Muda Mansur. However, a historian from the Daeng Selili Clan, claims that it was not Raja Su but one Raja Ngah. Whatever the real name of this female raja, she was indeed a daughter of Yang Dipertuan Muda Mansur – younger brother to Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Shah of Perak.
From this union, Daeng Selili was blessed with several children namely – Long Siah, Daeng Usman, Daeng Tongkat, Daeng Anjang, Tok Nor Jelinsing and Tok Su Bakul. In this posting, I will only concentrate on the descendants relevant to the Orang Kaya Temenggong. Other branches of the family will be discussed in later postings. Daeng Usman – son of Daeng Selili was granted the title Seri Maharaja Lela. It should be highlighted here that the titles Orang Kaya-Kaya Maharaja Lela and Seri Maharaja Lela are two different titles. The former is the head of Orang Besar Lapan and the latter is the head of Orang Besar Enam Belas. As a rule of thumb, the one with the word ‘Seri’ is the junior title.
The Seri Maharaja Lela Daeng Usman was blessed with 8 children – Long Luya, Ngah Abdul Manan, Alang Maimunah, Andak Radziah, Che Mah Anjang, Uda Tahir, Nutin and Busu Ala. The eldest – Long Luya was firstly married to Megat Abu Kassim – the last Orang Kaya Bendahara of Perak before the Bendaharaship was made a Royal Title. This Bendahara Megat Abu Kassim is alson known as Bendahara Hilang Di Teluk. From this union, they were blessed with a son named Megat Mansur who was granted the title Seri Maharaja. Later on, this Megat Mansur was appointed as Orang Kaya Besar – hence, the people would refer to him as Orang Kaya Besar Seri Maharaja.
After the death of Bendahara Megat Abu Kassim, Long Luya later married to another Megat who himself an heir to the Perak Bendaharaship. His name is Megat Mentaha who was widely known as Megat Lambat Makan. This Megat Mentaha held the title Orang Kaya Besar Maharaja Diraja. From this union with Megat Mentaha, Long Luya was blessed with three children – Megat Zainal, Megat Ahmad and Puteri Terai. Megat Zainal was later appointed as Toh Muda Orang Kaya Besar. Megat Ahmad was given the title Toh Raja Amat Bongsu. As for Puteri Terai, she was given the title Toh Tun Busu. The rest of Long Luya’s descendants shall be discussed later under the topic of Megat Terawis Clan.
Alang Maimunah – daughter of Daeng Usman was married to one Kanda Adam. This couple is the common ancestor of one of the sub-branch for the hereditary office of Orang Kaya Besar Maharaja Diraja. The present Orang Kaya Besar – Dato’ Abdul Rahman Bin Zainuddin hails from this branch. Next, Che Mah Anjang – another daughter of Daeng Usman was married to Raja Chulan Bin Raja Abdul Hamid – the author of Misa Melayu. This Raja Chulan was the Raja Muda of Perak and when he died, he was post-humously given the title Marhum Pulau Juar. From this union, they were blessed with 3 children – Raja Long Irang, Raja Kassim and Raja Chu.
Raja Long Irang was also known within the family circle as Raja Jumat. This Raja Long Irang married one Raja Abdul Rahim – son of Raja Bendahara Inu (Marhum Tengah). According to Maxwell 24, this couple had a child. One day, their maid / the child’s nanny was careless which led to the child crying in pain. Raja Abdul Rahim – the father to the child took out his keris and stabbed the nanny. Unfortunately, the keris stab passed through the nanny’s body and accidentally injured the child. Both the nanny and the child died instantly. Raja Long Irang was stunned with the incident which happened in front of her very eyes. Raja Abdul Rahim then ran amok and killed Raja Long Irang and several other villagers nearby. This incident was reported to the Raja Bendahara – father to Raja Abdul Rahim. The Raja Bendahara ordered his men to capture Raja Abdul Rahim and once captured, the Raja Bendahara executed his son with his own keris. What a tragic ending…
Raja Kassim – son of Raja Muda Chulan mentioned earlier was married to Raja Andak – daughter of Sultan Ahmaddin Shah of Perak. From this union, they were blessed with a daughter named Raja Noteh Mai Salamah. This Raja Noteh Mai Salamah then married Raja Chulan who later ascended the Perak Throne as Sultan Shahabuddin Shah. This couple were childless for quite sometime which resulted the couple to adopt their nephew (Raja Andak’s sister’s child). This adopted son was Raja Ismail Itam. This Raja Ismail Itam will later ascend the Perak Throne as Sultan Ismail Muabiddin Riayat Shah. A few years later, Raja Noteh and Raja Chulan (Sultan Shahabuddin) were blessed with one son – named Raja Ngah Ali – who will later ascend the Perak Throne as Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah. After the death of Sultan Shahabuddin, Raja Noteh later married Raja Ngah Putra – son of Raja Bendahara Radin. From this union, they were blessed with two children – Raja Tipah and Raja Hussain. This Raja Tipah will later marry Raja Abdullah (later became Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II). She is the mother of Raja Mansur and Raja Sir Chulan.
The youngest child of Raja Muda Chulan and Che Mah Anjang was Raja Chu. This Raja Chu was married to Raja Radin who later became the Raja Muda of Perak. This Raja Radin died in office and was post-humously given the title Marhum Shahidallah. This couple were blessed with two children – Raja Omar and Raja Busu. Raja Omar was known post-humously as Marhum Salleh. Raja Busu later married Raja Yusuf. This Raja Yusuf will later be granted the title Raja Kecil Tengah. For the details of this family’s lineage, one should consult the Royal Perak section.
Uda Tahir – another son of Seri Maharaja Lela Daeng Usman, inherited his father’s title of Seri Maharaja Lela. It is from this individual that the present-day Temenggongs are descended from. The details of this lineage will be published in the second part of this article. So, stay tuned.