This would be my first entry on genealogy from a state other than Perak. Since the most senior ruler in Malaysia today is from Kedah, I will be writing about the Ruling House of Kedah as the first non-Perak entry on this blog.
I will start with the first Muslim Ruler of Kedah who reigned under the name of Sultan Muzaffar Shah. According to the Salasilah Kedah, this Sultan Muzaffar Shah had 3 sons – the eldest succeeded to the Kedah Throne as Sultan Muazzam Shah on 13th Safar 575H, the second son was Tunku Mahmud who became the Raja Muda of Kedah and the third son was Tunku Sulaiman who became the Tunku Laksamana of Kedah. Sultan Muazzam had issue 3 children – one son and two daughters. The two daughters were Tunku Maheran and Tunku Puteri. The son succeeded Sultan Muazzam Shah on 8th Syaaban 598H and reigned under the name of Sultan Muhammad Shah.
Sultan Muhammad Shah of Kedah had issue two children – a daughter named Tunku Noraishah and a son who later succeeded as Sultan Mathal Shah of Kedah on 13th Jamadil Awal 634H. This Sultan Mathal Shah had two sons. The first was to succeed him on 18th Jamadil Akhir 679H as Sultan of Kedah under the name of Sultan Mahmud Shah. The other son of Sultan Mathal Shah was Tunku Ahmad. Sultan Mahmud Shah was married to one Tunku Aishah. From this union, they were blessed with two sons – Tunku Ibrahim who will later succeed Sultan Mahmud Shah on 15th Jamadil Akhir 721H as Sultan of Kedah reigning as Sultan Ibrahim Shah and Tunku Azlin who was made Raja Bendahara of Kedah. The late Sultan Mahmud was interred at Sungai Emas.
Sultan Ibrahim Shah had two sons – the eldest was Tunku Sulaiman and the younger was Tunku Abdul Rahman. Upon the death of Sultan Ibrahim Shah on 11th Rejab 775H, Tunku Sulaiman ascended the Kedah Throne reigning as Sultan Sulaiman Shah. Upon the death of Sultan Sulaiman Shah on 15 Jamadil Akhir 826H, he was succeded by his eldest son reigning as Sultan Attaullah Shah. The younger son – Tunku Mansor was made Raja Muda of Kedah.
Sultan Attaullah Shah married firstly with one Che Puan and begot Tunku Pok, Tunku Puteri and a son who will later succeed him as Sultan of Kedah reigining as Sultan Muhammad Jiwa. Sultan Attaullah married secondly to one Tunku Permaisuri and had one issue – Tunku Osman the Tunku Temenggong of Kedah. Sultan Attaullah died on 15 Jamadil Akhir 877H. Sultan Muhammad Jiwa married one Tunku Mariam and begot a son who will later succeed him as Sultan of Kedah reigining as Sultan Mahmud Shah II. The union between Sultan Muhammad Jiwa and Tunku Mariam too were blessed with another child – Tunku Kutam who later married Tunku Muhammad Saad – son of Tunku Temenggong Osman mentioned earlier.
Sultan Mahmud Shah II married one Che Larasari begot two children – the eldest succeeded him on 13th Zulkaedah 953H under the name of Sultan Muzaffar Shah II. The younger child was Tunku Noraishah. This Tunku Noraishah will later marry one Tunku Ismail – a great-grandson of Raja Muda Tunku Mansor mentioned earlier. Sultan Muzaffar Shah II married one Che Tempawan and begot one daughter – Tunku Jahara and one son – Tunku Sulaiman who will later ascend the throne of Kedah as Sultan Sulaiman II. This Sultan Sulaiman II married one Che Ranamala and begot a son who sill succeed him as Sultan of Kedah reigning as Sultan Rijaluddin Shah.
Sultan Rijaluddin Shah was married to a daughter of a nobleman and her name was Wan Timah. They were blessed with 3 children – the future Sultan Mahayuddin Mansur Shah, the Tunku Pengiran who was later made the Raja Muda of Kedah, and Tunku Rahimah who became the wife of Tunku Muhammad Akib the Raja Bendahara of Kedah. On 13 Jamadil Awal 1072H, Sultan Mahayuddin Mansur Shah died and was succeeded by his son reigning as Sultan Dhiauddin Shah.
Sultan Dhiauddin was married to one Che Spachendra and begot the future Sultan Attaullah Muhammad Shah. This Sultan Attaullah Muhammad Shah was married to one Tunku Maheran and begot three children – Tunku Latifah (wife of one Tunku Temenggong Ishak), the future Sultan Abdullah Muazzam Shah and Raja Muda Tunku Ibrahim. The Sultan Attaullah Muhammad Shah died on 13th Jamadil Awal 1110H and was interred at Bukit Pinang. He was suceeded by his son – Sultan Abdullah Muazzam Shah.
Sultan Abdullah Muazzam Shah had 3 children – Tunku Aishah, and two other sons who both succeeded to the throne of Kedah. Upon the death of Sultan Abdullah Muazzam Shah on 13th Jamadil Akhir 1118, he was succeeded by his eldest son – Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah who reigned until 15th Zulhijjah 1122. He was then succeeded by his younger brother – Sultan Muhammad Jiwa II.
Sultan Muhammad Jiwa II married one Tunku Puteri and begot firstly – Tunku Rahmah who later married Tunku Abdul Rahman (a grandson of Raja Muda Tunku Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Attaullah Muhammad Shah mentioned earlier). From this union, they were blessed with a son named Tunku Anum (if I’m not mistaken – the Ruler of Kubang Pasu?). Next, Sultan Muhammad Jiwa II had a son who will later succeed to the Kedah throne as Sultan Abdullah Mukarram Shah. Another son of Sultan Muhammad Jiwa II was one Tunku Dhiauddin who later became the Raja Muda of Kedah.
Sultan Abdullah Mukarram Shah was the Sultan of Kedah who signed the 1786 treaty with Francis Light which leads to one of Kedah’s territory – Pulau Pinang to be annexed by the British and subsquently became the first Crown Colony in Malaya. This Sultan Abdullah Mukarram Shah had several children. The eldest is his successor as Sultan of Kedah – Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah II. Second is Tunku Yaakob who later became the Raja Muda of Kedah. Other sons of Sultan Abdullah Mukarram Shah are Tunku Zamzam and Tunku Bisnu. Raja Muda Tunku Yaakob had one issue – Tunku Sulaiman. Tunku Zamzam married one Tunku Long Putih and begot a daughter named Tunku Aishah. This Tunku Aisha will later be the wife of one Syed Hussein. As for Tunku Bisnu, he had one issue – Tunku Muhammad Akib.
Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah II married firstly to one Wan Fatimah and begot Tunku Abdullah. This Tunku Abdullah is later made Raja Muda of Kedah. Sultan Ahmad Tajudin Halim Shah II then married secondly to one Che Arshid. From this union, they were blessed with two children. The eldest was the Sultan’s successor – Sultan Zainal Rashid and second was a daughter named Tunku Chik. This Tunku Chik later married the Bendahara of Pahang – Tun Mutahir Bendahara Seri Maharaja. [see the Genealogy of Pahang Rulers].
Sultan Zainal Rashid married one Wan Maheran and was blessed with several children namely – the future Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin III, Tunku Dziauddin, Tunku Yusuf, Tunku Yaakob, Tunku Rahimah, Tunku Zamzam, Tunku Sofiah, Tunku Puteri, Tunku Aishah and Tunku Jahara. Tunku Dziauddin married to Raja Arfah – daughter of Sultan Abdul Samad of Selangor. Through this marriage, he gained the trust of his father-in-law which subsequently led to his appointment as the Viceroy of Selangor. Practically, he is acting as ruler on his father-in-law’s behalf. This appointment was not widely accepted by the Royal Selangor kinsmen as they considered Tunku Dziauddin or Tunku Kudin an outsider.
Tunku Kudin had several issue. Two of them are Tunku Maharum and Tunku Mariam. Tunku Maharum is later married to Raja Sulaiman who later ascended the Selangor throne as Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah. In Selangor, Tunku Maharum was granted the title Tengku Ampuan Paduka Seri Negara of Selangor. From this marriage, they were blessed with several children of which the eldest will become the future Sultan of Selangor reigning as Sultan Musa Ghiayatuddin Shah. However, after the Japanese surrendered, the returning British Military Administration deposed him in favour of his younger brother. As an ex-Sultan of Selangor, he was given an ancient Bugis Title – Tengku Kelana Jaya Putera.
The elder brother of Tunku Dziauddin, was the Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin III. This Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin III had two wives. The first wife was Wan Tan – a daughter of Luang Nik Abidin – a prince from Reman / Pattani. The second wife was Wan Hajar (also known as Wan Besar). This Wan Hajar is the elder sister to Wan Mat Saman – Prime Minister of Kedah who was known as the name-sake of the Wan Mat Saman Canal in Kedah. From the union with Wan Tan, the eldest became the successor of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin III reigining as Sultan Zainal Rashid Muazzam Shah II. This Sultan Zainal Rashid is married to Tunku Mariam – daughter of Tunku Dziauddin Viceroy of Selangor mentioned earlier. Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin III was also blessed with several children from his partnership with Wan Hajar – which includes the successor to Sultan Zainal Rashid II as Sultan of Kedah – Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah.
A separate entry will later be written specifically for the descendants of Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah.