Query by Megat Halim Azizi Bin Megat Noh

I received this comment from Sdr Megat Halim Azizi Bin Megat Noh questioning the genealogical fact I have put forward in this blog. I think it is proper for me to respond with facts and figures so that such unreliable hearsay will never again be used as an argument to discredit the official genealogy of the Megat Terawis Clan.

 

Below is the exact comments by him, written in Malay:

…Saya Megat Halim Azizi bin Megat Noh dari keturunan Megat Abu Kassim, mengikut sejarah keluarga saya, Megat Terawis II bukan anak dari Megat Menjanas, beliau adalah Putera kepada Daeng Selili iaitu Petta To’ Rawe. Beliau lah yang mengubati Megat Menjanas dan pergi berperang ke Aceh bersama Megat Menjanas untuk menyelamatkan Sultan Perak setelah menjadi tawanan perang didalam cerita Puteri Limau Purut.  Di sebabkan keakraban mereka berdua bagaikan anak dan bapa maka Sultan dan Megat Menjanas melantik beliau sebagai Bendahara. Beliau mempunyai tiga orang Putera iaitu Mergat Pendiar, Megat Samsuddin/Shamsu dan Megat Abu Kassim. Megat Abu Kassim tealah dilantik sebagai Bendahara . Sehingga Megat Abu Kassim berbalah dengan Sultan Perak ketika itu dan memulangkan jawatan Bendahara kepada Sultan Perak ketika itu…

Let me respond line by line.

“…mengikut sejarah keluarga saya, Megat Terawis II bukan anak dari Megat Menjanas, beliau adalah Putera kepada Daeng Selili iaitu Petta To’ Rawe. Beliau lah yang mengubati Megat Menjanas dan pergi berperang ke Aceh bersama Megat Menjanas untuk menyelamatkan Sultan Perak setelah menjadi tawanan perang didalam cerita Puteri Limau Purut…”

My question to you sir, please tell me what is your source of reference? To me, whoever told you about this does not know his history. He doesn’t even know the history of the Megats, the Perak Sultanate and also the Bugis Rajas which includes Daeng Selili. For your information Sdr Megat Halim and other readers out there, Daeng Selili flourished in Perak during the reign of Sultan Muzaffar Shah III. Whereas the story of Puteri Limau Purut was during the reign of Sultan Mukaddam Shah!

 

About the Bendahara who went to Acheh was not Megat Menjanas but Megat Abdullah. He is known as Bendahara Garang. According to the genealogy, Megat Menjanas is the son of this Bendahara Garang Megat Abdullah. Most probably Megat Menjanas accompanied his father to Acheh for the Limau Purut quest. Highly unlikely for Daeng Selili to be there to cure Megat Menjanas’ wounds.

 

“Di sebabkan keakraban mereka berdua bagaikan anak dan bapa maka Sultan dan Megat Menjanas melantik beliau sebagai Bendahara. Beliau mempunyai tiga orang Putera iaitu Mergat Pendiar, Megat Samsuddin/Shamsu dan Megat Abu Kassim.”

 

Do you know that Megat Menjanas was married to Sultan Muzaffar Shah II’s sister? And, do you know that Daeng Selili was married to Raja Ngah (some people say the name was Raja Su) who is a daughter of Yang Dipertuan Muda Mansur Shah? For your information, this wife of Daeng Selili is the younger sister of the 3 – brother Perak Sultans – Sultan Alauddin Mughayat Shah, Sultan Muzaffar Shah III and Sultan Muhammad Shah. And, for your information, these Sultans are grandsons of Sultan Muzaffar Shah II.

The diagram below illustrates the genealogical relationship:

 

The Genealogical Relationship between the Sultans of Perak, the Megats and the Daengs.

In terms of genealogical relationship, Megat Terawis II is the first cousin to the 3 brother Sultans of Perak. Daeng Selili on the other hand, married the younger sibling of the 3 – Raja Su/Raja Ngah. Through this partnership, we can easily say that Daeng Selili is married to Megat Terawis II’s first cousin. Most probably both Daeng Selili and Megat Terawis II are close due to family ties. Definitely, Megat Terawis is not the son of Daeng Selili. If I were a Daeng, I would definitely name my son a Daeng too! Why should I name my son a Megat!? If you say that the Daeng’s wife is a Raja, you got to accept the fact that  Daeng is the Bugis-equivalent of the title ‘Raja’.

“Megat Abu Kassim tealah dilantik sebagai Bendahara . Sehingga Megat Abu Kassim berbalah dengan Sultan Perak ketika itu dan memulangkan jawatan Bendahara kepada Sultan Perak ketika itu”

I think you should read my earlier articles about the resignation of Megat Abu Kassim. I wouldn’t say that the Bendahara ‘berbalah’ with the Sultan. Get your facts right.

To me, there’s no truth in what Megat Halim is trying to highlight. Maternally, I am a direct descendant of Daeng Selili too. I know my roots very well – supported by hard facts and of course ‘cerita orang tua2’. Therefore, I challenge you to provide credible evidence about this matter. Without such evidence, …don’t talk lah! This is just like the wannabe-rajas Ahmad Nasir and Noor Jan’s case.

 

To conclude:

You should learn Perak History first before arguing on historical facts. Learn about the order of Sultans. Sultan Mukaddam Shah was the 6th Sultan and Sultan Muzaffar Shah III was the 13th Sultan. Even worse, Daeng Selili flourished during the latter and Megat Abdullah flourished during the former. Through my genealogical diagram above, I have illustrated and proven that Megat Terawis II is not a son of Daeng Selili. However, they are related through marriage. Without any evidence, we can just discard your argument.

Thank you.

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Posted in Uncategorized | 4 Comments

Query on the ancestry of Penghulu Mat Taha of Layang2

Recently, I received a query from a reader who is a descendant of one Penghulu Mat Taha of Layang2, Perak. In his query, he would like me to provide an evidence showing that Penghulu Mat Taha is a son of Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek. Below is the actual query sent to me:

 

” Mengenai Panjang Ogek, anaknya yang bernama Taha dikenali dengan nama Penghulu Mat Taha. Saya cicit Mat Taha atau nama sebenar Mat Taha bin Mohamad, beliau adalah Penghulu Layang-Layang Kanan, Parit sekitar tahun 1920an – 1940an (betul rumahnya diguna dalam filem anna & the king). Setelah meleliti salasilah Panjang Ogek dalam Geni, nama Mat Taha tidak terdapat dalam keturunan Panjang Ogek bin UdA Katab bin Toh Adab (Toh dewa Seri Mahajara). Jika suadara ada cacatan mengenai salasilah keluarga Mat Taha bin Mohamad, saya ingin dapatkan maklumat tersebut kerana kami sedang mencari maklumat. ”

As mentioned in my earlier posting on Maharaja Lambor genealogy, the Penghulu mentioned above is a member of that aristocratic house of Lambor. The manuscript that shows this lineage of his is MS 40332 Misc. Papers which is kept at SOAS, London. And yes, I do have a copy of the manuscript. The snapshot below illustrates the relationship between Penghulu Mat Taha and the Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek.

Manuscript showing the Penghulu Mat Taha is indeed a son of the Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek

 

According to the reader, there’s no mention about this Penghulu Mat Taha as a son of Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek in Geni.Com. Well, obviously, the person who updates the ancestry in Geni.Com has no information or has unreliable information. Honestly, I am one of the few who are against Geni.Com.

 

I personally boycott the website because the users of the application can simply add their own version of ancestry and it would be hassle for the administrators of ancestries to correct the family tree. Some times, users only heard rumours about their family and they simply key-in to the Geni.Com family tree. As a result, others who are seeking the truth are misled by the incorrect information displayed on Geni.Com.

 

So to Sdr Shamadzhar, this is the evidence showing that Penghulu Mat Taha is indeed a son of Maharaja Dewa Panjang Ugek.

Posted in Uncategorized | 4 Comments

Query on the Genealogy of the Maharaja Lambor of Perak

Recently, I received a comment by Sdr Azizul Jabbar about his query on the genealogy of the Maharaja Lambor of Perak. Indeed, the Maharaja Lambor is one of the hereditary minor chiefs of Perak. Unfortunately, not much has been written either by myself on this blog or even by other historical scholars about this topic.

 

But, to our consolation, I happen to possess a copy of the manuscript pertaining the Maharaja Lambor of Perak and its genealogical connections with other Perak aristocratic family branches. The original manuscript is kept at SOAS with the reference number 40332 – Misc. Paper. Sdr Azizul Jabbar asked me about the names of the parents of one Toh Andak Majiwa in the family tree. Although I have the answer, I think it is appropriate to write a short article with supporting images from the manuscript.

 

The answer is I don’t know the name of the parents of this Toh Andak Majiwa as in the manuscript, there were no names written on the diagram illustrating the parent of this Toh Andak Majiwa.

 

Below is the image:

The Manuscript MS 40332 SOAS, London - diagram shows the genealogy of Maharaja Lambor and Seri Nara Diraja. No names written for the parent of Toh Andak Majiwa

I hope this posting is helpful to answer Sdr Azizul Jabbar’s queries.

 

Posted in Uncategorized | 3 Comments

Nor Jan the Liar…

I can’t understand why RTM is currently airing a multiple-part documentary about one Raja Nor Jan Shah Bin Raja Tuah who claims to be a descendant of the Sultan of Melaka and declares himself as the 44th Sultan of Melaka with a ‘reigning title’ of Sultan Ahmad Shah II. In his official blog – http://sultanmelakake44.blogspot.com, he displayed his evidence supporting his claim to the Melakan throne.

However, as an experienced genealogist, I happen to detect too much errors and false information in his blog. Thus, his evidence to support his claim to the Melakan throne is pretty much questionable. In this posting of mine, I will disclose the misleading information given by Nor Jan (if he is even a real Raja)

Family tree of Sultan Mahmud Shah of Melaka (taken from http://sultanmelakake44.blogspot.com) DO NOT USE THIS AS REFERENCE

  1. The mother of Sultan Muzaffar Shah of Perak (Marhum Tanah Abang) is Onang Kuning; NOT Tun Kecil!
  2. Tun Fatimah is a daughter of Bendahara Tun Mutahir; NOT Bendahara Tun Ali!
  3. Tun Fatimah was married to Tun Ali (son of Seri Nara Diraja)

Descendants of Sultan Ahmaddin Shah of Perak (taken from http://sultanmelakake44.blogspot.com) DO NOT USE THIS AS REFERENCE

  1. Raja Inu is a male; not a female! He is known with his post-humus title Marhum Sallehul Iman. This Raja Inu had a son named Raja Chulan. This Raja Chulan later ascended the Perak throne as Sultan Shahabuddin Riayat Shah.
  2. The photo seen here is NOT of Sultan Jaafar Muazzam Shah. It’s the photo of Sultan Idris Murshidul Azam Shah. The post-humus title of Sultan Jaafar Muazzam Shah is NOT Habibullah but Waliullah!
  3. The father of the present DYAM Raja Di Hilir is Almarhum Raja Muda Musa who died in 1983; NOT 1906! The photo shown in the diagram as Raja Muda Musa (father to the present Raja Di Hilir) is the photo of Sultan Abdul Aziz; NOT Raja Muda Musa! Even worse, Sultan Abdul Aziz is not the son of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar. He is the son of Almarhum Raja Muda Musa Ibni Almarhum Sultan Jaafar Muazzam Shah who died in 1906!
  4. Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II is not the son of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar. He is the son of Sultan Jaafar Muazzam Shah!
  5. Almarhum Sultan Idris Shah II was not given the post-humus title of Rahmatullah. His post-humus title is Affifullah!

Nor Jan's so-called "evidence" showing his lineage as a descendant of one Raja Alang Abdul Rahman (taken from http://sultanmelakake44.blogspot.com) DO NOT USE THIS AS REFERENCE

The above is the “evidence” from Nor Jan’s blog showing his ancestry based on a chapter from the book – Tempat-tempat Bersejarah Perak by N.A. Halim. Now, let us compare the actual wordings from the book:

From the actual book - 'Tempat-tempat Bersejarah Perak'

We can clearly see that Nor Jan has purposely added his side of the story as if it was actually written in the book. The words “Bukan Raja Pandak Abdul Rahman” in brackets were added and the name Raja Pandak Abdul Rahman was deliberately changed to Raja Alang Abdul Rahman!

We know that he is a descendant of one Raja Alang Abdul Rahman. But, there is no evidence that could support the fact that this Raja Alang Abdul Rahman is a son of Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I of Perak. To make his claim valid, he intentionally changed the name Pandak to Alang! To the readers out there, Pandak and Alang denotes the sibling order / ranking of a person.  To prove that Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I of Perak had a son named Raja Pandak and NOT Raja Alang, we should consult the manuscript Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak. And of course, I have a copy of the manuscript which I will share below:

MS Maxwell 24 - Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak (page 16)

[line 2]

…Sayah adik Raja Andak itu Raja Jelusul mati lagi kanak2. Adapun Baginda Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, Raja Perempuan itu berputera empat orang tiga laki2 seorang perempuan maka yang perempuan itu berputera di dalam kerajaan Raja Budak Rasul gelarannya dipanggil2 Raja Mandak itulah puteranya yang bongsu. Adapun putera Baginda yang tua hidupnya itu Raja Yusuf namanya dan Raja Pandak dan Raja Sulaiman…

Here we can clearly see that the manuscript says that the Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I had issue 4 children – 3 sons and 1 daughter. The daughter’s name is Raja Mandak whose title is Raja Budak Rasul and the daughter is the youngest of the four. The manuscript also further states that the Sultan’s sons are Raja Yusuf followed by Raja Pandak and Raja Sulaiman.

There’s no Raja Alang in this list! If there exist a Raja Alang as a child of this Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, this child did not survive adulthood as the manuscript states only the 4 children survived to adulthood!

So my dear Nor Jan, what are you actually trying to do? You can’t even provide a reliable evidence of your lineage to the Melakan Sultanate and yet you want to claim the throne of Melaka? About the Regalia, can you prove that you inherited the Regalia from your ancestors without fail? or perhaps the Regalia was stolen by you or one of your ancestors? or perhaps you or one of your ancestors won the Regalia over a poker table?

My advice to you, just stop it! There are many Rajas in Malaysia who are more eligible to claim the throne of Melaka than you as they can prove their lineage to the last Sultan of Melaka.

To all readers out there, let this posting be an enlightenment to you on the individual known as Nor Jan the Liar.

Posted in [2] Malay Aristocratic Genealogy | 13 Comments

My evidence to counter Sdr Rizuan Ahmad’s query

In my older posting, I wrote about the genealogy of several aristocratic families of Perak and I received a comment by Sdr Rizuan Ahmad who is a descendant of Sultan Ismail Muabidin Riayat Shah. This posting of mine shall be the evidence of my writings. Below is the query that Sdr Rizuan questioned:

“This Raja Noteh Mai Salamah then married Raja Chulan who later ascended the Perak Throne as Sultan Shahabuddin Shah. This couple were childless for quite sometime which resulted the couple to adopt their nephew (Raja Andak’s sister’s child). This adopted son was Raja Ismail Itam. This Raja Ismail Itam will later ascend the Perak Throne as Sultan Ismail Muabiddin Riayat Shah.”

He then further said:
“… Kenyataan tuan berkenaan Raja Ismail Itam seperti di atas adakah sebarang bukti yg menyokong kenyataan ini atau sekadar tekaan yang tidak berasas? …”

Allow me to quote from ‘Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak’ MS Maxwell 24 which is kept at the Royal Asiatic Society Library, Bayswater, London.

 

MS Maxwell 24 - 'Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak', page 13

The above screenshot is from page 13 which the MS says:

[line 4]
… Maka Adalah akan Raja Mandak putera Marhum Bongsu yang bersuamikan Raja Siak itu berputera seorang laki-laki Raja Ismail Itam namanya, panggilannya Raja Kulop, oleh Baginda diambilnya akan putera dan Baginda pun berputera seorang laki-laki namanya Raja Ngah Ali, panggilannya Raja Lob. Maka Raja kedua itu sama-samalah tiada bercerai lagi pun Raja Ismail itu menyusu kepada Raja Perempuan itu; lagi masa Bendahara tua, masa Raja Mudanya yang Baginda berputera itu Wallahu A’lam.

 

 

MS Maxwell 24 - 'Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak', page 14

Towards the end of page 14 of the manuscript, it further says:

[line 3]
…laki-laki Raja Zainal namanya. Inilah yang kecik sekali. Ada pun akan Raja Ismail Itam putera angkat Baginda itu bertunang dengan Raja Fatimah putera Raja Kecil Besar Daud. Hatta telah sampailah tahunnya Baginda Sultan Shahabuddin Shah di atas takhta kerajaan maka Baginda pun kembali ke Rahmatullah Ta’ala – Inna liLlahi Wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’un dikuburkan di Tanjung Penanggok kerana Baginda itu bernegeri…

 

MS Maxwell 24 - 'Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak' page 15

Just before the middle section of page 15 in the MS Maxwell 24, the manuscript further states:

[line 1]
…Kecik Sulung Idris dan Raja Ismail Hitam bernikahlah dengan tunangnya itu Raja Fatimah putera Raja Kecil Besar Daud di Tepus. Raja Ngah Ali pun diam di Tepus. Maka Raja Perempuan bonda Raja Ngah Ali itu bersuamikan Raja Ngah Putra anak Bendahara Raja Radin yang telah dulu sebutnya. Adapun Raja Ngah Putra itu sudah ada isterinya orang keluaran Inche Alang namanya, beranak lima – tiga perempuan, dua laki-laki iaitu Raja Aminah dan Raja Teh Emas dan Raja Alang Muhammad dan Raja Hussin dan Raja Sharifah. Dengan bonda Raja Ngah Ali berputera seorang perempuan Raja Tipah namanya – terlalu baik rupanya. Maka adalah Raja Uteh kakak Raja Ngah Putra itu bersuamikan Raja Alang Hussin putera Raja Hitam…

Therefore, based on the clear evidence I have given above, I have proven to Sdr Rizuan Ahmad and to all readers out there that my writings are not merely a baseless guess. Although the Manuscript is named Maxwell’s Mansucript, it is written by a member of the Perak Royal Family and Court Genealogist during those days – YM Raja Haji Yahya Imam Paduka Tuan.

 

 

 

Posted in [2] Malay Aristocratic Genealogy | 3 Comments

MY 8TH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY

On the 5th of February 2004, exactly 8 years ago, I married my wife – Puteri Nuur Khadijah Binti Megat Ramli. I was 25 (almost 25), and she was 22. Since I have been away for quite some time from blogging, let this entry about my anniversary be the first entry of 2011. Hopefully, I will be an active blogger again.

The wedding took place at the Tuan Guru Hj Musa Mosque, Bukit Marak, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. The reception was held on the next day at her parents’ – also at Bukit Marak. A month later, the reception from my side of the family was held at my aunt’s house in Beruas, Perak. It was the nomination day for the 2004 General Elections and one of my wife’s maternal uncle was nominated to stand for State Assemblyman post (which he won after the polling).

Let me tell you about our family. Both my wife and I are related. Paternally, she is my 3rd cousin as her great-grandfather and my paternal great-grandfather are brothers. Maternally, she is my 5th cousin as her maternal grandmother and my paternal grandmother are 3rd cousins. (Don’t worry, take your time to decipher the relationship. Drawing a genealogical diagram would indeed help you in understanding the relationship). In other words, we do share a lot of things in common.

It all began in Kota Lama Kiri, Kuala Kangsar, Perak. The sons of Megat Muhammad Ali Bin Megat Pendia are Megat Omar, Megat Osman, Megat Ibrahim and Megat Ismail. Megat Omar is the eldest of the four and he worked as a Sanitary Inspector and retired in 1925. Megat Osman was the Private Secretary to the British Advisor of Kelantan. (after the Bangkok Treaty of 1909, Malay Officers from the Straits Settlements and the Federated Malay States were sent to the former Siamese territories of Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis to serve as Government Administrators). Megat Ibrahim began his career as a Customs Officer but later resigned in 1911 to concentrate on his business. As a wealthy land-owner, he was heavily involved in the Rubber business in Perak. Lastly, the youngest of the four was Megat Ismail – an MCS Officer. If I’m not mistaken, he retired as ADO of Teluk Intan. From these four brothers, Megat Omar is my wife’s paternal great-grandfather and Megat Ibrahim is my paternal great-grandfather.

Sons of Megat Muhammad Ali Bin Megat Pendia of Kota Lama Kiri, Kuala Kangsar

From Left to Right: Megat Omar, Megat Osman (Dato' Lela Diraja), Megat Ibrahim and Megat Ismail. (Picture taken at Kota Lama Kiri, Kuala Kangsar circa 1918)

Megat Omar was married firstly to Che Bee and was blessed with 3 boys and 1 girl namely Megat Khas (later Dato’ Seri Dr Hj Megat Khas), Megat Adnan, Megat Zakaria and one Puteri (I can’t remember her actual name). When Che Bee died, Megat Omar married his relative – one Puteri Mahyam Binti Megat Yassin and was blessed with several children namely Megat Marzuki, Megat Sulaiman, Puteri Zabedah, Megat Daud, Megat Ishak, Megat Noh, Puteri Rahmah and Puteri Uteh. Later in life, Megat Omar had another wife named Sa’tiah and was blessed with one child named Megat Abdul Halim. Megat Omar’s second son – Megat Adnan, is my wife’s paternal grandfather.

The Family of Megat Omar Bin Megat Muhammad Ali

Seated (with Songkok) is Megat Omar. Standing (leftmost, carrying a child) is Megat Adnan. Picture taken circa 1946 prior to the departure of Dr Megat Khas to England for his post-graduate studies.

As for Megat Ibrahim, he was firstly married to Wan Basitah Binti Wan Muhammad Rashid (grand daughter to Toh Muda Orang Kaya Temenggong Wan Abdul Wahid Bin Temenggong Panjang Muhammad Ariff). From this union, they were blessed with 16 children. Unfortunately, only 7 survived to adulthood. Later, Megat Ibrahim was married to a woman from Jerlun named Aminah and they were blessed with 3 daughters. In the 1930s, Megat Ibrahim married a wealthy widow from Taiping named Wan Yuhanid @ Hjh Wan Mariam Binti Tengku Menteri Wan Muhammad Isa. She is the grand daughter of the Malay Mining Tycoon – Tengku Menteri Ngah Ibrahim Bin Long Jaafar of Larut. My paternal grandfather and maternal grandmother are the children of Megat Ibrahim from his marriage with Wan Basitah. (There you go, my parents are first cousins!)

Children of Megat Ibrahim Bin Megat Muhammad Ali

From Left: Megat Shamsudin (my paternal grandfather), Megat Abdullah, Puteri Hawa (wife to Dr Megat Khas), Puteri Habibah, Puteri Apza, Puteri Hamsiah (my maternal grandmother) and Puteri Uteh Amriah. (Picture taken at Kota Lama Kiri, Kuala Kangsar circa 1930)

When I got married, both my wife and I were working in Terengganu. So, during one of the trips from Perak to Terengganu, my late father-in-law saw one of the family pictures that I brought in my car and he commented – “This is my father!”. The picture he was referring to was during the wedding of my grandfather (Megat Shamsudin Bin Megat Ibrahim) and in that picture, Megat Adnan Bin Megat Omar (my wife’s grandfather) was the best-man at the wedding! Some 70 years later, their grandchildren became husband and wife.

Wedding of Megat Shamsudin Bin Megat Ibrahim

From Left: Megat Adnan Bin Megat Omar (my wife's paternal grandfather), Megat Shamsudin Bin Megat Ibrahim (my paternal grandfather), Puteri Aishah Binti Megat Ismail (my father's step-mother), Puteri Raba'ayah Binti Megat Md Isa (sister to Orang Kaya Besar Megat Yunus) and Puteri Khasiah Binti Megat Ismail (younger sister to the bride)

My Wife's Parents

My Wife's Parents - Megat Ramli Bin Megat Adnan and Zawnah Binti Hj Musa.

My Parents

My Parents - Megat Zaharuddin Bin Megat Shamsudin and Wan Mariam Binti Toh Rakna Sakti Wan Nurizan. (Picture taken at Istana Iskandariah on 1 April 1978 during the 'Menjunjung Duli' ceremony of my maternal grandfather - Toh Rakna Sakti Wan Nurizan Bin Toh Paduka Raja Hj Wan Jaafar.

Our Wedding Day - 5th February 2004

Our Wedding Day (5th February 2004) with our 4 grannies. Left to Right: Puteri Hamsiah Binti Megat Ibrahim (my maternal grandmother), Nik Fatimah Zaharah Binti Wan Omar (my paternal grandmother), the groom, the bride, Che Bidah Binti Awang Kechik (my wife's maternal grandmother) and Zaharah (my wife's paternal grandmother). As mentioned earlier in this article, both my paternal grandmother and my wife's maternal grandmother are 3rd cousins (the ones seated in this picture)

As at today, we are blessed with two children – Megat Idris Naquiyuddin (born 12 April 2007 and Puteri Mariam Sophia (born 11 February 2009). May Allah Bless our marriage and let it be an ever-lasting relationship. ‘Hanya Cangkul dan Tanah Memisahkan Kita’. Happy Anniversary to my dear wife – Puteri Nuur Khadijah Binti Megat Ramli.

My Family

My Family - From Top Left (Clockwise): Megat Iskandar Bin Megat Zaharuddin, Puteri Nuur Khadijah Binti Megat Ramli, Puteri Mariam Sophia Binti Megat Iskandar and Megat Idris Naquiyuddin Bin Megat Iskandar

Posted in [1] My Life | 6 Comments

20th Anniversary – Tribute to Almarhum Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj

 

To many of us, 6th December is just an ordinary date – just another day in the calendar.  To me, 6th December was a date I will always remember. It was the day Malaysia lost its first Prime Minister – Almarhum Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj. The year was 1990. I was just beginning my Standard 6 schooling session (FYI, in 1989, the government decided to start the school session in December instead of January). When I woke-up on 6th December 1990, as I was preparing myself to school, my late mother told me that I don’t have to go to school since it was a public holiday. I asked what public holiday was it and she said that Tunku died just after midnight.

I’ve developed my interest in history at an early age. When the Tunku died, I was looking forward to watch the live telecast of his funeral procession. Unfortunately, my mother did not allow me to watch it as I must attend my tuition in the afternoon at 3pm! (It’s a once-in-a-lifetime experience, but she didn’t allow me to do so!)

Anyway, today is the 20th anniversary of the Tunku’s demise. I would like to honour him with this short article about our first Prime Minister – Father of Merdeka, Father of Malaysia.

Born at Istana Tiga Tingkat, Kedah on 8th February 1903 and was named Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra. His father was the ruler of Kedah – Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah and his mother was a Siamese Aristocrat named Che Manjalara.

He had his early education in Kedah and later in Bangkok. He flew to England to further his studies – hoping for an entry to University. The Tunku was finally accepted to St Catharine College, Cambridge and later graduated in Law.

He later served as a government officer in the Kedah Civil Service. Not long after that, he was sent by his brothers to England again to complete his bar qualifications. He was never to pass his bar exams until after the World War II ended. Not until he met one young Malay boy from Pahang named Abdul Razak Bin Dato’ Hussein. It was Abdul Razak who inspired Tunku to pass his bar exams. When the Tunku passed the bar exams, there was a dinner honouring those who had recently be admitted to the bar and during the Tunku’s speech, he said that “tonight, I am not only celebrating my admission to the English Bar. But I am also celebrating my Silver Jubilee as a law student!”

When the Tunku came back to Malaya, he served in the legal service. He slowly developed an interest in Malayan politics. His friend Abdul Razak had already been active in UMNO. Not long after that, Dato’ Onn Bin Jaafar, the then President of UMNO decided to leave UMNO and the presidency was passed to Tunku Abdul Rahman.

It was during the Tunku’s presidency in UMNO that he devised a plan to collaborate with the other races in Malaya in the Kuala Lumpur Municipal Elections. Dato’ Onn’s idea was to open-up the membership of UMNO to other races but Tunku’s approach is to collaborate as an alliance without ammending any membership regulations within UMNO. This approach by Tunku was proven successful.

In the 1955 General Elections, the Tunku led the Alliance to a tremendous victory. He was made the first Chief Minister of Malaya. It was during this self-government era that the Tunku pressed the British Government to grant Malaya its independence. The Merdeka Mission of 1956 was sent to London to negotiate the terms for Malaya’s independence.

Finally, it was granted and Malaya gained its independence on 31st August 1957. The declaration of independence was given by HRH The Duke of Gloucester (the Queen’s Uncle) and was proclaimed by Tunku with seven cries of Merdeka at the Merdeka Stadium, Kuala Lumpur on 31st August 1957.

Later, as the nation progresses, the Tunku – now the Prime Minister of Malaya proposed the union of Malaya and the states of Singapore, Brunei, Sarawak and North Borneo. All except Brunei agreed to join the union which later be known as the Federation of Malaysia. Alas, in 1965, Singapore decided to leave the federation and became a Republic.

The year 1969 saw the last General Election led by Tunku Abdul Rahman. Although the Alliance won, but the number of seats were greatly reduced. Some of the younger generations at that time were not fond to the Tunku’s leadership. Yet, he remained as Prime Minsiter. Slowly, he plans to pass on the leadership of the country to his deputy and long-time friend, Abdul Razak who is now known as Tun Abdul Razak.

To make the retirement inevitable, in 1970, the Sultan of Kedah – Sultan Abdul Halim Muazzam Shah was elected by the Conference of Rulers to become the next Yang Dipertuan Agong. The Sultan of Kedah is the Tunku’s nephew and according to Kedah Royal customs, an Uncle should not bow to his nephew. This may look awkward at Federal level when the Prime Minister did not bow to the King. Hence, it was decided that the Tunku will resign from the Premiership at the installation of his nephew as Yang Dipertuan Agong.

It should be highlighted here that Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra was one of the two persons receiving the Federal honour of DMN – which was only reserved for the nine Rulers in the country. He was given the DMN after his retirement as Prime Minister. The other non-Ruler receipient of DMN was Tun Abdul Razak, the second Prime Minister of Malaysia but Tun Abdul Razak only received the DMN post-humously, not during his lifetime. Therefore, it is safe to say that Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra was the only person be awarded the DMN during his lifetime.

Not long after the Tunku left the Malaysian government, he was then appointed as the Secretary-General of the Organisation of Islamic Countries (OIC). He continued to serve Malaysia and the world especially the Muslim community through OIC and PERKIM.

In December 1990, there were rumours spreading saying that the Tunku’s life is drawing to a close. On 6th December 1990, the Tunku passed away at the General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. His body was brought back to his house at Bukit Tunku. In the morning, his body was brought to the Parliament House for lying-in-state. Shortly before noon, his body was carried on-foot from the Parliament House to the Sungai Besi Military Air Base. From there, his body was flown to Kedah for burial.

A few months before the Tunku’s death, he wrote an article in a newspaper column and there he mentioned that as former Prime Minister, he knew that upon his death, he will be intered at the Makam Pahlawan. Hence, it is his dying wish that he forego the privilege of having his body intered at the Makam Pahlawan. Instead, he requested that his body is to be laid to rest amongst his family in Kedah.

I can still recall the headlines of Berita Harian on 5th December, 6th December and 7th December 1990. On the 5th, the headline says in bold capital letters “TUNKU TENAT”. On the 6th, the headline says in bold “Tunku Kembali ke Rahmatullah”. On the 7th, the headline says in bold capital letters “TUNKU DISEMADIKAN”

Today is the 20th Anniversary of the demise of Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj. Join me in prayers in honour of the man who shaped our nation. AL-FATIHAH.

YTM Almarhum Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah (8 February 1903 - 6 December 1990)

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