Sulaiman bin Mohd A'… on The Genealogy of the Orang Kay… Meor Abd Rahman on The Genealogy of Seri Adika… Megat Iskandar At-Te… on The Genealogy of Seri Adika… Abdullah Sufiyan bin… on The Genealogy of Seri Adika… Megat Iskandar At-Te… on The Genealogy of Seri Adika…
- Any Answer from the National Archives of Malaysia?
- JEREBU: Apa Nak Jadi Dengan Alam Sekitar Malaysia!?
- The Return of Orang Dua Belas…
- University of Malaya: ‘Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak’ MS 3 PNM
- My Composition: “Naga dan Rasaksa”
- Al-Fatihah: YMM Raja Perempuan Muzwin Binti Almarhum Raja Ariff Shah
- It’s Official! … Koperasi Keturunan Megat Terawis Berhad …
- Query by Megat Halim Azizi Bin Megat Noh
- Query on the ancestry of Penghulu Mat Taha of Layang2
- Query on the Genealogy of the Maharaja Lambor of Perak
- Nor Jan the Liar…
- My evidence to counter Sdr Rizuan Ahmad’s query
- MY 8TH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY
- 20th Anniversary – Tribute to Almarhum Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj
- Dine at Coliseum Cafe, Kuala Lumpur
Sempena sambutan Hari Malaysia yang ke 52 pada hari ini 16 September 2015, saya nak ucapkan SELAMAT HARI MALAYSIA kepada semua pengunjung dan pembaca blog ini. Namun ucapan SELAMAT saya pada hari ini dicacatkan dengan keadaan jerebu yang teramat kritikal di negara ini, khususnya di tempat tinggal saya – Putrajaya. Selamat kah kita dengan keaadan alam sekitar kita tercemar dengan keaadan berjerebu ini?
Untuk pengetahuan, saya jarang sekali menulis tentang perihal alam sekitar dan kesihatan sejagat tapi kali ini, saya terpanggil untuk menulis kerana keadaan alam sekitar kita yang berjerebu ini memberi kesan langsung kepada diri saya dan keluarga saya.
Umumnya kita sudah mengetahui yang jerebu sememangnya sudah bermaharaja lela sekian lama. Dari pandangan mata kasar juga, kita sudah boleh mengagak tentang kadar bahaya yang bakal menimpa. Tiga minggu lalu, saya sendiri telah terlantar sakit dan dimaklumkan oleh doktor bahawa ianya berkaitan dengan infeksi akibat jerebu yang kuat. Ramai para pesakit yang mengadu masalah yang sama pada ketika itu. Namun, di peringkat pihak berwajib, tidak ada usaha yang bersungguh dilakukan pada ketika itu berbanding pada minggu kebelakangan ini. Alasannya, bacaan indeks belum lagi di tahap yang bahaya.
Kini, pihak berwajib sudah pun mengambil langkah-langkah yang sepatutnya untuk menangani masalah alam sekitar khusunya krisis jerebu melampau. Namun, apa yang membimbangkan saya, mengapa setelah sekian lama baru ada langkah-langkah seperti ini diambil? Saya mempunyai beberapa kenalan di negara jiran yang mengatakan kualiti alam sekitar mereka juga terjejas dan berada di tahap yang kritikal pada ketika saya terlantar sakit dulu. Maka saya terpanggil untuk mendapatkan maklumat daripada pihak berwajib di dalam internet tentang perkara ini.
Saya telah melayari internet dan mendapatkan maklumat daripada laman berikut:
(sumber: Jabatan Alam Sekitar, Malaysia)
(sumber: Agensi Alam Sekitar, Singapura)
Singapura dan Malaysia adalah dua negara yang berjiran dan bagi kawasan di Selatan, keadaannya boleh dikatakan sama kerana berkongsi lokasi alam sekitar yang sama. Contoh yang diambil adalah stesen Larkin Lama dan Pasir Gudang di Johor; dan stesen North Singapore di Utara Singapura.
Saya terlebih rajin sedikit dan memaparkan carta di atas yang menunjukkan perbezaan yang KETARA antara bacaan di Singapura dan Malaysia. Adakah alam sekitar kita berbeza dengan Singapura? Lokasi stesen-stesen tersebut kalau dilihat dalam peta, adalah begitu dekat sekali. Berdasarkan bacaan Singapura, sudah lama saya akan menganggap keadaan alam sekitar kita sudah berada dalam keadaan kritikal dan perlu diambil langkah-langkah yang sepatutnya oleh pihak berwajib.
Soalan saya kepada Jabatan Alam Sekitar Malaysia atau mana-mana pihak berwajib di Malaysia: BAGAIMANA KAMU MENANGANI MASALAH ALAM SEKITAR MALAYSIA? Adakah teknologi yang anda gunakan teknologi yang terkini atau teknologi tamadun yang silam? Siapakah service provider yang bertanggungjawab? Kalau beginilah caranya kita menangani alam sekitar kita, dengan menggunakan service provider cap ayam yang menggunakan teknologi tamadun silam, sudah pasti pihak berwajib akan mendapat maklumat yang tidak tepat untuk membuat keputusan. Akhirnya, keputusan dibuat lambat, salah dan paling malang, rakyat yang menanggung segala siksa dan azab.
Saya harap penulisan saya ini dapat dibaca oleh pihak berwajib dan kalau rajin, silalah jawab. Saya bukan menabur fitnah, saya bertanya sebagai orang awam dan rakyat Malaysia. Kalau perlu ditukar service provider, tukar sahaja. Dapatkan teknologi yang terkini. Kalau Singapura boleh, takkan lah Malaysia tak boleh kot. Saya pasti Jabatan Alam Sekitar atau mana-mana jabatan kerajaan yang menjaga projek seperti Unit Kerjasama Awam Swasta (UKAS) mempunyai kriteria dan prosedur yang terbaik untuk memastikan provider yang betul-betul boleh memberi khidmat kepada negara. Janganlah kerana nak berjimat sangat, guna provider dan teknologi cap ayam. Bila orang kata Malaysia lower-class berbanding dengan Singapura, kita marah. Tapi kalau kita sendiri yang nak jadi lower-class, saya tak tahu nak cakap apa lah.
Apa-apa pun, SELAMAT HARI MALAYSIA (semoga SELAMAT selalu)
Assalamualaikum wbt to all readers out there…
I understand that this blog has been outdated for quite some time. I would like to take this opportunity to announce that I will be actively writing again, InsyaAllah. (after loads of persuasions by friends and followers of this blog). In a few days, I will post a new article that will mark the Return of Orang Dua Belas to the cyberworld…
On Friday 24th of February, I attended a Seminar conducted by the History Department, University of Malaya (UM) on a topic which interests me in most of my research works – the genealogy of Perak rajas. The presentation was given by one Dr Mardiana Nordin of UM the content of the presentation is a discussion on the MS 3 kept at the National Library (PNM) which was acquired in 1982.
The MS 3 was written in Jawi characters in a log-book (possibly late 19th century or early 20th century log-books) similar to the conditions of MSS in the Maxwell collections kept at the Royal Asitic Society Library in London. Although the MS was given a title – Salasilah Raja-Raja Perak and began with a phrase saying that the MS is a genealogy of the Perak Rajas which includes the descendants of the Syeds, Sitis, Megats and Meors. The introductory paragaraph too states that the MS also narates the origins of Perak Temenggongs.
However, according to Dr Mardiana’s thorough research on the MS, out of the 7-page long manuscript, the topic of the Syed and Megat lineage were only mentioned at the very last page. And to her surprise, the length discussion for this particular topic only takes about 30% of that particular page. Even worse, there’s no mention whatsoever about the lineage of Perak Temenggongs. This state of irrelevance between the MS title and its contents suggests that the title may have been given at a later date and perhaps given by a different individual.
In terms of overall content, there are confusions, anachronistic errors and similarities to other texts such as Sejarah Melayu, Merong Maha Wangsa and Misa Melayu. I won’t be discussing about the general aspects of the MS in this posting. But, I would like to share what I have commented during the Q&A session at the seminar and what I think about the MS (…idea just sparked last night!).
SULTAN AHMAD TAJUDDIN – The first Sultan of Perak
In this MS 3, it says that the first Sultan of Perak was Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah. Later, he was replaced by one Raja Malik who reigned as Sultan Mansur Shah. My comment on this was, according to JWW Birch’s diary, during his interview with Perak rajas in 1870s, most rajas and chiefs gave a common version of the list of Perak Sultans whereby the first Raja to be installed as Sultan was Raja Muzaffar who reigned as Sultan Muzaffar Shah I. However, when the British interviewed Raja Yusuf – eldest son of Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I (Marhum Atiqullah Durian Sebatang) and a contender for the Perak throne in 1871, this Raja Yusuf said that the first Sultan of Perak was one Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin.
This suggests that the MS 3 may have been a version narrated by Raja Yusuf or persons who acquired the knowledge from the same source as Raja Yusuf. If we refer to the genealogical charts, Raja Yusuf was indeed a descendant of Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain Shah. He was also a descendant of the Hadhrami Syeds through Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnain Shah’s son-in-law. During Raja Yusuf’s time as Regent and later Sultan, there were many relatives of his living in Chenderiang, Perak – mostly Syeds and Meors.
Having said that, it is possible for the author of this MS to make a mistake by confusing the first Sultan of Perak (since 1528) and the first Sultan of Perak treated as the forefather of present-day dynasty (Sultan Ahmaddin Shah, 18th Sultan of Perak). The genealogical charts have shown that the son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah I succeded to the Perak throne as the second Sultan of Perak with the title Sultan Mansur Shah (Marhum Kota Lama).
On the other hand, the eighteenth Sultan of Perak, Sultan Ahmaddin Shah was mentioned in MS Maxwell 24 reigned as Sultan of Perak with the title Sultan Ahmad Tajul Alam Shah Ad-Din. He was later succeeded by his son – Raja Abdul Malik who reigned as Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah (in Maxwell 24, the MS states that this Sultan ruled as Sultan Mansur Shah).
I personally feel that the author of MS 3 was trying to say that the forefather or the common ancestor of present-day Sultans of Perak was Sultan Ahmad Tajul Alam Shah Ad-Din who is also known as Sultan Ahmaddin Shah. But, he had intentionally or non-intentionally used the phrase ‘first Sultan of Perak’ to indicate the status of this Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin.
Sultan Mansur, second Sultan of Perak and son of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin fought a war against Tun Saban. The Sultan of Johor who was also an uncle of Sultan Mansur sent troops to aid him in this war against Tun Saban.
As I have mentioned earlier, the author may have confused the stories between early Perak history with characters of similar names in recent history. In this case, the Sultan Mansur who fought against Tun Saban was not Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah whom the author treated as the 2nd Sultan of Perak but the Sultan Mansur here is actually THE second Sultan of Perak – son of Sultan Muzaffar Shah I. The actual Sultan Mansur Shah of Perak was indeed a nephew of the Sultan of Johor – Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah as the latter was the former’s younger brother. On the contrary, Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah has no relations what so ever with the Sultan of Johor during that time (early 1800s).
Interestingly, this version of Perak Civil War which says that the war against Tun Saban was extended to the reigning years of Sultan Mansur Shah. We know that the official version of Perak history states that the Perak Civil War was between Sultan Muzaffar Shah and Tun Saban. However, this text and a research by Dr Supriyatno (presented during the Tun Saban Seminar by UPSI at Gerik, Perak – March 2011) states that the war against Tun Saban extended to the reign of Sultan Mansur Shah. In addition, during my research on my family’s genealogy, MS 40333(2) of SOAS mentioned that Tun Saban fought a war against Marhum Kota Lama (of which we identify as Sultan Mansur Shah).
Although all earlier Perak historians discard MS3 as a historical source. But this particular part about the Perak Civil War against Tun Saban suggests that there is a reliable alternative version of Perak history which I think worth to be explored by future historians. Whether the Perak Civil War ended during the reign of Sultan Muzaffar Shah or the war in actual fact was longer – extended until the reign of Sultan Mansur Shah.
My personal opinion on this: there is some possible truth in it. We know the first 2 Sultans of Perak were Muzaffar and Mansur. We also know from official history, Sultan Mansur went missing while performing the Jumaat Prayers at Kota Lama Mosque. Some historians suggest that Mansur was captured by Acheh as during those years, Perak was attacked for the first time by Acheh. The new Sultan replacing Sultan Mansur was appointed by Acheh and this new Sultan is known in history by the reigning name – Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah!
Assuming that both Sultans were involved in the war against Tun Saban. Perhaps the author of this MS considers the 3rd Sultan of Perak is the actual first Sultan of Perak as the 1st and 2nd Sultans from Melaka was against the local rulers led by Tun Saban. Perhaps during the war, Muzaffar and Mansur requested the help from their blood brothers from Johor whereas Tun Saban requested some help from Acheh. Perhaps the local chiefs prefer to be ruled by an Acheh ruler as opposed to a Melakan ruler. And, historical facts have shown that since the 1530s, Johor and Acheh were at war! Perhaps the Perak Crisis became an opportunity for both superpowers to show-off their might.
If we analyse further, there may be some truth behind this hypothesis. Assuming Johor did send military re-inforcements to aid Sultan Muzaffar and Sultan Mansur, Tun Saban may have requested for help from Acheh. Or, perhaps Acheh already realised the presence of Johor army in the vicinity of Acheh shores and voluntarily aided Tun Saban by attacking the Johor army from the rear. If this is true, maybe after Raja Mansur and the Johor forces captured Perak from Tun Saban, Acheh forces came to liberate Perak and captured Sultan Mansur. This tallies with the version saying that Sultan Mansur was captured by Acheh forces.
Upon capturing Sultan Mansur, Tun Saban’s proxy was made Ruler / Regent of the state. This tallies with the Tun Saban chronicles saying that one Tun Pasak Jalak became Raja Sehari (Ruler for One Day) after the capture of Sultan Mansur. According to Syed Jamalullail of Perak’s genealogist, one Syed Hassan (a descendant of Syed Hussain Al-Faradz) became temporary ruler of Perak during the absence of the Sultan after the Acheh invasion.
Meanwhile in Acheh, the eldest son of Sultan Mansur of Perak was made son-in-law to the Sultan Acheh. Subsequently, this Perak Prince ascended the Achenese throne as Sultan Alauddin Mansur Shah. At about this time, the new Sultan of Acheh appointed his younger brother as Sultan of Perak with the reigning title Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Shah.
All in all, I think in general the MS3 is full of errors but to discard it completely is not a good idea as there are some points in the MS worth considering and these points may become a hint or a door-opener for further research into the history of the early Sultans of Perak.
During the Raya Haji weekend, I planned to do some updating on my blog. And as you all have noticed, for quite some time, the postings under the header ‘Art appreciation’ has been very minimal. This is due to the fact that the free WordPress does not allow uploading of Audio and Video files.
Well, it is a shame that I only realised today that I can embed YouTube links into my WordPress heheheh. To celebrate my newly-acquired blogging knowledge, allow me to share one of my favourite compositions – “Naga dan Rasaksa”.
This song was composed by me in 2001 and the lyrics were written by my friends – Zaid Zainal and Kucikuci. This song was performed for the first time in public at the Battle of the Band 2001 in Leeds, United Kingdom by our band – The Lost Plot. We managed to secure the 2nd Runner-Up for the event. Unfortunately, I was unable to perform on that night as I had exams at my university.
This video was recorded in my room at the University of Kent in 2002.
Almost ten years later, I recorded the following video – performing the same song, using the same guitar and with same person singing (trust me, both are the same person – ME!)
On Thursday 6th of October 2011, the Raja Perempuan of Perak – Raja Muzwin Binti Almarhum Raja Ariff Shah passed away at Institut Jantung Negara (IJN), Kuala Lumpur. Almarhumah was the consort of the late Almarhum Sultan Idris Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadassallah, 33rd Sultan of Perak who reigned from 1963 to 1984.
In the morning of Friday 7th October 2011, I received an sms from my uncle – Tan Sri Megat Najmuddin Bin Dato’ Seri Megat Khas who is the current President of the Megat Terawis Clan Association of Malaysia, instructing me to represent him and the clan to the funeral of Almarhumah Raja Muzwin. Upon consultation with the Sultan’s Office in Kuala Kangsar, I was told that the funeral procession will commence after Asar Prayers at Makam Al-Ghufran, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar.
I reached Kuala Kangsar at about 4.15pm and the crowd was huge. Obviously it does not only involve those in Perak but also involved the Royal Family of Johor. For those readers out there, the present Sultan of Johor – Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar is the son-in-law of Almarhumah Raja Muzwin as His Royal Highness’ consort – Raja Zarith Sofiah is the daughter of Almarhumah.
I would like to dedicate this posting to the Almarhumah Raja Muzwin. Let’s recite Al-Fatihah for Almarhumah.
Below are some pictures taken by me (using just my phone camera) during the funeral.
The Megat Terawis Clan Association in their last Annual General Meeting has decided to form a co-operative to act as the clan’s business arm. After months of discussions, meetings between protem committee members and the Malaysian Co-operative Commission, we managed to hold our Inaugural General Meeting on the 21st August 2011 at USJ, Selangor. After the successful meeting, all documentations were finalised and submitted to the Commission for approval. Finally, today – 5th October 2011, I represented the Board of Directors to meet the Commission to receive the Registration Certificate of the Co-operative. The official birth date of the Co-operative is 23rd September 2011.
As Acting Secretary to the Board, I will call for the first Board Meeting of the Co-operative in the near future. Just to share with you readers out there, these are the elected Board Members of the Koperasi Keturunan Megat Terawis Berhad (KOME….sounds very Perak-ish):
Dato’ Megat Ahmad Shahrani Bin Megat Sharuddin
Ir Mohamed Ali Bin Yusoff
Mohammad Suhaimi Bin Ahmad
Megat Kamarruddin Bin Megat Shamsuddin
Megat Azleen Bin Megat Ramli
Megat Khairil Shafli Bin Megat Khas
Megat Zulhazmi Bin Megat Abdullah Rafaie
Megat Al-Azrul Bin Megat Jamal Al-Arif
Puteri Khairul Hazlin Binti Megat Khas
Tun Rafidah Binti Abdul Wahid
Megat Mohd Rafizan Bin Megat Abdullah Rafaie
Megat Iskandar Bin Megat Zaharuddin
So stay tuned…we’ll be knocking on your doors for subscription!